ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF THE MAIN TYPES OF SOILS OF NEW MOLDOVA PERIMETER LOCALITY FOR WHEAT AND CORN CROPS PUBLISHEDIaroslav LAŢO, Lucian Dumitru NIŢĂ, ALINA LAŢO, CASIANA MIHUŢ
Studying in detail the topography of the territory, we see that a large surface area is characteristic of the last branches Locvei Mountains, the rest area with a very specific relief. The relief to be characterized more easily have divided it into two areas: the eastern part of Moldova and Moldova New Old West, north-west. This paper represents an economic study of the main types of soil from the perimeter of the village Moldova Noua, Caras-Severin wheat and corn crops. Studying the economic efficiency of land is very important because according to it we can draw conclusions about the effectiveness and profitability of agricultural crops. The main types of soils from the area studied, suitable for agricultural crops are: aluviosol, and eutricambosolul preluvosolul. Land evaluation is a complex operation and characterization naturalstică down the land, that the totality of conditions and environmental factors that occur on a given land area, through a system of indicators and techniques of evaluation and determination of grades production capacity of such land defined for different uses and cultures, if a certain technology in order to characterize its quality and value. To do a proper economic analysis were calculated first notes of evaluation of soil for crops under study. Evaluation marks have been calculated according to the Elaboration soil studies for the two cultures under study. Knowing evaluation notes I could find natural productive potential of these soils for wheat and maize crops by multiplying the score of evaluation of 60 kg / point for wheat and 75 kg / point to the corn crop. Productive potential was then compared with yields obtained by farmers in the area. Economic comparison was obtained by multiplying production by 0.5 lei / kg for wheat crop by 0.7 lei / kg for maize, these sums representing the price per kg charged in the summer of 2010. The study conducted in Moldova Noua village perimeter showed that wheat yields obtained are lower than the natural potential of land and where maize is grown have obtained higher yields than the natural potential of soils.
economic efficiency, soil types, the grade of evaluation