STUDY ON THE ATTACK OF FUSARIUM SP. ON WHEAT STEM BASE UNDER CONDITIONS FROM TMISOARA DIDACTIC RESEARCH STATION PUBLISHEDDiana Velimirovici, Adrian Borcean
Research aim was to test the tolerance of a range of wheat cultivars to infectious pressure of the pathogen Fusarium sp. in climatic conditions from Timisoara Didactic Research Station. Stage of research is characteristic for partial interpretation of experimental data after the first experimental year, in preparation the doctoral thesis. Experimental field was located in climatic conditions from Timişoara. Technology used in the experimental field was the standard applied for this location. The experience was bifactorial. First factor was the cultivar with three graduations (Ciprian, Arieşan and Kristina). Factor B was the sowing density with two graduations (550 kernels / m 2 and 650 kernels / m 2 ). Both sowing density were applied on a constant fertilizers background elements of N 100 P 60 K 60 . The novelty is relatively high, work providing important data for agricultural practice in the experimental area, taking in consideration the implications of fungus Fusarium sp. in yield amount due to infection propagation on wheat ears in some years. Achievements stage in this work were carried out research including one of authors, known as the reference and possible reactions of the pathogen depending on local biocoenosis factors, including the competiotin between stem base pathogens. Limits of the present research are that data from the fungus Fusarium sp. are just after one year bonitation. Practical implications of the research is that all data presented in the present paper are a part of a complex study of strategy in the of wheat protection reference experience. The originality of the work comes from the fact that data are relevant in view of cultivars behaviour under specific conditions. These data are only part of the data submitted for interpretation in the preparation of the doctoral experience of the author. Importance of the paper became from bringing in front of the specialists of one of the topics in the experiences of the author's doctoral preparing, to evaluate the accuracy of techniques addressed. All data are relevant for experimental conditions amd give an overview over the possibility of prevention of the pathogen attack on the wheat ears, judging after the relevance on the yield of Fusarium sp. attack.
Fusarium spp.; wheat stem base rot; fertilizers