STUDIES REGARDING THE IRRIGATION SYSTEM FROM THE GREAT BRĂILA ISLAND - ROMANIA PUBLISHEDMocanu IONUȚ, Prepeliţă(Popovici) CĂTĂLINA IONELA, Bucur DANIEL USAMV IASI email@example.com
Abstract. A significant part of the agricultural area of the Romanian state faces the negative effects of drought, insufficient water reserves and poorly functioning, deficient irrigation systems. The absence or degree of degradation of irrigation infrastructure has caused about 48% of the total agricultural area ( 7.1 million in 2019 ) to be affected by these unfortunate phenomena. The most affected areas were the Romanian Plain, Southern Moldova and Dobrogea). Adapting agriculture to climate change, adapting the food production system and reducing its effects on agricultural production, mainly but also on other components of the environment and population, involves the rehabilitation of existing irrigation infrastructure and, in particular, the construction of new irrigation systems. The aim of the paper is to identify the most suitable solutions for the rehabilitation and modernization of the irrigation infrastructure, as a whole. For this, the refurbishment works done in the plot number 37 owned by the Irrigation Water Users Association from the Great Braila Island, have been inventoried. Based on these observations and measurements, the behavior of the exploitation and the technical and economic efficiency of irrigation and the recommendation of rehabilitation solutions for arrangements in areas with similar characteristics of the framework and socio-economic characteristics.
Keywords: climate change, drought, irrigation system restoration
Sustainable Development, Environmental Engineering and Geomatics