ASPECTS REGARDING THE NATIONAL STRATEGY OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN REGION 5 WEST ROMANIA PUBLISHEDIoana Alina Costescu, Rareş Hălbac-Cotoară-Zamfir
In 2005, after a long debate, the European Committee has adopted a revised proposal of the Goteborg Strategy from the year 2001. As a result of this process, the European Union Council has adopted on June 9th 2006 the Renewed Strategy of Sustainable Development for an extended Europe. To achieve these goals four key objectives were identified: - Environment protection, through measures that will allow separation of economical growth from negative impact over the environment; - Equity and social cohesion respecting fundamental rights, cultural diversity, chance equality and fighting any type discrimination; - Economical prosperity, promoting knowledge, innovation and competitive to assure high life standards and abundant and well paid jobs; - Fulfilling international responsibility of UE promoting democratic institution for peace, security and freedom, principles and practices for sustainable development all over the world. In the context of the decisions made by the European Union Council, the national Strategy seeks achieving the following strategically objectives on short, medium and long term: Horizon 2013: organically integration of the principles and practices on sustainable development in the Romanian ensemble of programs and regulation as European Union member. Horizon 2020: reaching the actual medium level of European Union countries regarding the main indicators of sustainable development. Horizon 2030: significant approaching to that year medium level of the European Union members by Romania regarding the sustainable development directives. For each one of this period of 7 years and the appropriated horizons are settled and debated a series of situations with practical objectives among the most important, are: - Climatic changes and clean energy; - Sustainable transport; - Production and sustainable consumption; - Conservation and management of natural resources; - Public health; - Social inclusion, demography and migration; - Rural development, agriculture and fishing. The aim of this paper is to establish how are this objectives reached and what measures are used to reached the established Horizons in the Region 5 West Romania. Region 5 Vest is located in the western part of Romania at the Hungarian andSerbia&Muntenegru border and it contains four counties: Arad, Caraş-Severin, Hunedoara and Timiş. Region 5 Vest has the following extreme points: the southern extremity of the region is located in the Berzasca locality, Caraş-Severin - 44º35'12" Nordic latitude, the northern extremity in Berechiu locality, Arad - 46º38' Nordic latitude, the western extremity in Beba Veche locality, Timiş - 20°15' easterly longitude, and the southern extremity near the Petroşani locality, Hunedoara - 23º easterly longitude. The region has a surface that totalize 32.034 km 2 , representing 13,44% of Roamanian territory. Timiş County is as surface the largest in our country (3,65% of national territory), while Caraş-Severin county is in third place (3,56% of national territory), Arad county, is the sixth (3,25% of national territory) and Hunedoara county occupies 2,96% from our country territory.
sustainable development; environment protection