STUDY CONCERNING THE INTRODUCTION AND EXPANSION OF CHICKPEA IN SOUTH-WESTERN ROMANIA PUBLISHEDGheorghe David, Paul Pîrşan, Adrian Borcean, Florin Imbrea, Lucian Botoş
The continuous aridisation of the last decades in the area of the rivers Caraş and Nera requires crops resistant to drought. Among legumes cultivated for their beans, chickpea is a crop that deserves the attention and care of agriculturists due to its good yielding capacity – 2.5-3.5 t/ha – and to its good adaptability to soil and climate conditions. Research was carried on a brown, luvic, vertic, pseudo-gleyied, moderately-strong decarbonated soil at Răcăşdia, in the Oraviţa Depression. The paper presents data concerning the Cicero I, Burnas, and Rodin cultivars, with differentiated fertilisation, and with impact on the number of ramifications per plant, on the number of pods per plant and on bean yield. The study also contains data concerning the impact of studied intervention factors on protein content and production. Average protein content was 24.7% in variety Cicero I, 24.9% to 23.8% in variety and variety Burnas Rodin. Protein production, averaged over three varieties increased by 20% in variants fertilized with N40 and 48% in variants fertilized with N60. The plants had a weak attack bean (Ascochyta rabies), with an intensity of attack with an average below 2%, which is exclusively due to the requirements of the scheme deficit pluviometric pathogen. After grain formation was present in culture and rust (Uromyces ciceris-arietini) but just as with bean, the agent has a symbolic presence, with an intensity of between 2-3% in all experimental variants, ie located in economic threshold of pest. The final part of the paper contains practical recommendations for cultivators. The paper is financially supported by the CNCSIS research project entitled „Developing lentil and chickpea cultivation technology in the soil and climate conditions of the Timiş-Caraş-Nera area”.
chickpea; cultivars; fertilisation