SUPPOSITIONS IN ORDER OF RECONSIDERATION OF THE ABANDONED LAND - MEADOWS AND FORMER AGRICULTURAL LAND PUBLISHEDSebastian Boboiciov, Luminiţa Cojocariu
Economic and social changes that occurred in Romania in the last two decades, are very accurately reflected in state of land and in his use. Currently many agricultural lands are in various stages of abandonment whith multiple causes. In this paper we propose not to look too much for guilty, but to find solutions. In the early years of these two decades, occurs a fragmentation of agricultural lands through their transition from state ownership to private ownership. Most land-owners did not have necessary mechanization, leading them to gradually abandon their lands. To this have contributed the precarious material situation of the new owners and migration of the working population to cities or abroad. In case of pastures, the abandonment has occurred, mostly due to plummeting productivity from overexploitation or for breaching the most elementary rules of exploitation and maintenance. Starting from this, the vegetation on former agricultural land in abandonement is evolving to the type of vegetation that are characteristic for the area. In some cases, trough presence of species with good forage value, they evolve naturally to valuable meadows. In most cases, however, species with valuable forage are scarce and have low weight in the construction of vegetation cover. In these cases is needed a choice of management strategies for the land, profitable in terms of costs, so that the meaning of vegetation development to be to a valuable type of meadows. An important step required before any recovery action is land mapping. This can be done using advanced techniques of aerial photography or by satellite. For assigning priority actions needed to be taken, the size of areas and the type of property of land, that will be subject of intervention, must be taken in consideration. Not insignificant part refers to the creation of jobs by getting involved in recovery efforts, of unemployed people, because most abandoned land lie precisely in areas with very bleak prospects for residents. In cases where intervention would have high costs and doubtful benefits, may be choose a minimal intervention, so that land may be a kernel of biodiversity for flora and fauna.
abandonated lands; pastures; agricultural lands; priority; recovery; overseeding