THE USE OF THE MERCATOR PROJECTIONS INTO THE CARTOGRAPHICAL REPRESENTATIONS PUBLISHED

Octavian Herbei, Artur Ursu
In general, the existent topographical maps of the Romanian territory are made by using on of the systems of cartographical projections: Stereographical projection – 1970, Gauss-Krüger or UTM (Universal Transversal Mercator). Each of these systems of cartographical projections has advantages and also disadvantages. One of the basic criteria in using a cartographical projection for a certain cadastral territory is that the relative linear deformation should be as small for that geographical area. The maps from the UTM projection have a great importance in the sea navigation and in the air navigation, because it is a conform projection, and the cartographical network is made from perpendicular lines, plain will be a right line. The same line makes with each of the meridians projection the same azimuth.
cartographical projections; Gauss – Krüger; Mercator; deformation
Presentation: oral

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