STAGE CONCEARNING THE INFLUENCE OF SOWING TECHNOLOGY ON THE CICER ARIETINUM L. YIELD PUBLISHEDSebastian Moldovan, Gheorghe David
Small Chickpea seeds have been found in archaeological sites dating back to 7500 BC suggesting that people at this time were harvesting them in the wild or growing undomesticated plants. The earliest evidence of domestication is larger seeds found in Jericho dating back to 6500 BC. Importance of chick beans, both green, but mostly reached maturity, the high content of protein substances. Chickpea flour is used in baking, stirring rate of 10-15%, with wheat flour, which are used in bread, which thereby becomes even more nutritious and tasty. Chickpeas, with a very high resistance to drought, give good yields of grain in dry areas with good resistance to water stress and heat, so aridizare climate trends in this area requires special attention to this plant acordom. The chickpea is a leguminous plant, which improves the soil, leaving biologically fixed nitrogen in the soil, very accessible for the rotation plants, especially for cereal grains. Because it is a leguminous plant, improves the soil, leaving biologically fixed nitrogen in the soil, plants that are very affordable for the rotation, especially for cereal grains. It thus prevents environmental pollution by nitrates and hydrocarbons consumption for manufacturing fertilizers. Research in this area have been conducted within the perimeter of the Teaching Station of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Banat, Timisoara, located in the Plain Banato-Crisan, Plain subunit Berecsău Bega-Timiş interfluve. In the experimental field of the Teaching Station of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Banat, experiments were conducted on a chernozem soil type, low gleyed, low decarbonated, formed on loess powder, clay-clay. Increasing the distance between rows from 30 cm to 50 cm, the average yield increased by 14% for all varieties. The biggest harvest was obtained in variant sown at 50 cm distance between rows and between varieties noted a variety Cicero, followed by variety Burnas. The lowest yields were recorded in variety Rodin.
chickpea; the distance between rows