FERTILIZATION EFFECT CONCEARNING THE YIELD AND QUALITY INDICATORS FOR LENS CULINARIS L. PUBLISHEDSebastian Moldovan, Gheorghe David
Lentil is a leguminous plant that has been grown in the Mediterranean region since ancient times. Seeds are reported to have been found in Egyptian tombs of the 12th dynasty (2400 B.C.). As a major importance, lentils grains represent a source of energy and nutrients heaving in their composition many compounds bio-benefical for human body. Lentils grains have a high quality protein content and healthy carbohydrates (starch). Lentils also contain a lot of ballast material (fiber), which helps digestion. Lentil flour can be used in combination (10-20%) with wheat flour in bread-making. Used as a green mass, lentils are a very valuable animal feed, is also a very valuable plant for soil ameliorative, being a good run for almost all plants, but in different way for winter wheat. Straw and chaff after threshing are deriving a valuable forage with a protein content (14-15%), carbohydrates (35%), the remainder being made up of carbohydrates, fiber, fat, etc. Researchs were focused on three varieties of lentil, from two countries: Romanian varieties Oana, USAMVBT population and Laura variety, Spanish origin. In the experimental field of Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine the experiments were conducted on a cambic chernozem soil type , wet phreatic (weak gleyed soil) low decarbonated, on the loess deposits- powder, loam – clay. From the varieties of lentils, Oana noted, with the average yield on the three levels of fertilization about 2030 kg/ha. With a similar yield came the variety Laura (Spanish origin), the difference between varieties being meaningless. The lowest yield was recorded in variety USAMVBT population, just 1168 kg/ ha. From the fertilizing levels were noted, with practically equal yields, the following: N20P60K60 and N40P60K60.
lentils varietis; fertilization levels