CHANGES OF SOIL PROPERTIES RESULTING IN A MOLD HUMAN INTERVENTION VERT DE LA GIARMATA PUBLISHEDCasiana MIHUȚ, L. NIȚĂ, Anișoara DUMA-COPCEA, A. OKROS, R. MUNEAN None
Located in north-central area of Timis County ( 45°83' north latitude and 21° 32' east), DJ 691, Giarmata town lies at a distance of 11 km from Timisoara and the DC 58 to 1.3 km from the International Airport ,,Traian Vuia” Timisoara. The total land area of the village is 7150 ha of which 6292 ha is agricultural land and 43.5 ha are forest. From the geomorphological, the common fall - Crisan Banato Plain, part of the Western Plain of Romania, the eastern extremity of the Tisza Plain. The altitude ranges from 100-178 m The research was conducted over a period of five years, ie years 2009-2013 in the area Giarmata Timis County. The soil in the study is a vertic chernozem, gleyed weak. In order to accomplish this work, we studied the modification of morphological properties, physical, chemical and hydro as a result of human intervention. I stepped through the application of river sand, manure, manure, fertilizers and drip irrigation and sprinklers. Peculiarities of the microclimate of the territory are determined by its geographical position, so that it is characterized by a temperate continental climate with mild winters and short, being frequently under the influence of cyclone activity and air masses crossing the Mediterranean and Adriatic general features of climate marked by diversity and irregularity of atmospheric processes. Average yearly temperature after Timişoara Meteorological Station is 10.9º C and mean yearly rainfall is 631.0 mm, data indicating a process of aridity in the existence of significant oscillations ie 390.5 mm (between 1999 and 2000) and 908.1 mm ( between 1969 and 1970). The investigated part of Bega catchment, basin Bega - Beregsău, waterways most important being Beregsăul, Luchini, Magherus and Niaradul. Plants are grown mainly wheat, maize, sunflower, sugar beet, potato, tobacco, clover, alfalfa, soybeans, some legumes, vines and tree species existing between nominate plum, apple, cherry, cherry, apricot, quince and walnut; researches were made vegetable is cultivated tomatoes, eggplants and peppers.
soil property change, fertilization, anthropogenic intervention