THE CONSERVATION OF SOME PROTECTED SPECIES IN RUDARIA CANYON AREA PUBLISHEDF. PRUNAR, Silvia PRUNAR, Ana-Maria CORPADE, Carmen SORESCU, Alma NICOLIN
The Eftimie Murgu village, known by its old slave name Rudăria is famous due to his biggest Mulinologic Complex from South-East of the Europe and due of the Rudăria Canyon presence. The value of the zone was increased in 2007 when was declared the firsts Romanian Sites of Community Importance (SCI), part of the network Natura 2000 near Eftimie Murgu village being established ROSCI 0032 Cheile Rudăriei. The study carried out in 2013 in the protected area ROSCI 0032 Cheile Rudăriei on invertebrates, amphibians and reptiles. Although the protected area occupying only 300 hectares, the observations showed that the national or community interest species are more than those for which was founded the protected area. The area is stretched along the Rudăria Valley, the meadow being flanked either by sunny slopes with shrubs and barren areas which form the canyon in their lower part, either by forests with narrow and shaded valleys. This geographical diversity favor the presence of various habitats despite the restricted surface of the area. Besides the two species mentioned in sit (Austropotamobius torrentium Schrank, 1803 -priority species and Cerambyx cerdo Linnaeus, 1758-IUCN vulnerable status in Word and near threatened in Europe) was identified another six species: three beetles (Cucujus cinnaberinus Scopoli, 1763, Morimus funereus Mulsant, 1863 and Carabus variolosus Fabricius, 1787), two butterflies (Nymphalis vaualbum Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775 and Euplagia (Callimorpha) quadripunctaria Poda, 1761) and one dragonfly (Cordulegaster heros Theischinger, 1979). As protected herpetofauna in the Rudaria SCI was considered Testudo hermanni and Vipera ammodytes. After the observations and information’s collected, the presence of the Testudo hermanni in this area is doubtful. As new herpetological protected species can be mentioned Bombina variegata and between the species mentioned to the IV Annex of the Council Habitat Directive 92/43/EEC are present Coronella austriaca, Lacerta viridis and Podarcis muralis. Was assessed the conservation status and the major threats for the protected species. Biggest problem for population conservation is the small size of the protected area and reduced number of areas with favourable habitats which will make more difficult the conservation efforts for the protected populations into an area with a limited perimeter.
ROSCI 0032 Cheile Rudăriei, protected species