PRELIMINARY NOTES ON CORMOPHYTE FLORA NEAR VILLAGE CĂLACEA (TIMIȘ COUNTY) PUBLISHEDAdina, TURCEAN, G.-G., ARSENE, Alina, NEACȘU
Abstract: The paper contains the results of the researches made during 2011 – 2014, in a remarkable sit from a floristic point of view, in a plain-landscape with a net agricultural dominance (arable fields). The studied area is constituted from the northern slope of a valley and its lower portion, occupied by a mosaic of halophilous and swampy vegetation. A lane of about 50 meters between the slope and the lower areas of the valley is cultivated every year, with corn or grain. Thus, we have identified 137 species of cormophytes, out of which we consider as remarkable Adonis vernalis and Pulsatilla montana, whose presence at Călacea may only be explained by the relict, natural character of the meadow and Cirsium brachycephalum and Echium russicum, species from Appendix II and of the Habitat Directive (92/43/CEE). The areas with halophilous patches are framed in the type of priority habitat 1530* - Pannonic salt steppes and salt marshes. The other species of the meadows from the slope are particular to the type of habitats 6210 – Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (e.g. Brachypodium pinnatum, Dianthus carthusianorum, Medicago sativa ssp. falcata, Adonis vernalis), 6250 – Pannonic loess steppic grassland (e.g. Nonea pulla, Salvia nemorosa, Festuca rupicola, Falcaria vulgaris) and 40A0 - * Subcontinental peri-Pannonic scrubs (e.g. Rosa gallica, Crataegus monogyna, Teucrium chamaedrys, Chrysanthemum corymbosum). Although the area is included in the community importance sit ROSCI 0115 The Satchinez swamp, standard data form does not contain any species of plants. Plant species we found are enhancing the value of the sit and require specific conservation measures. Any anthropic intervention, except the extensive use as pasture (halophilous patches) or 1-cut/year mown meadow (grassland xeric patches on slopes) should be accepted only after a thoughtfully analysis.
Key words: flora, cormophytes, Călacea, Habitat Directive