RESEARCH ON THE CULTIVATION DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF RADISH IN THE GIARMATA VERTIC CHERNOZEM, TIMIS COUNTY PUBLISHED

Carmen BEINȘAN, Casiana MIHUȚ
The research subject of this paper were carried out in the village Giarmata, Timis County. Giarmata City, is a distance of 11 km from Timisoara and 1.3 km from the International Airport ,, Traian Vuia "Timisoara, located in the central-northern part of Timis County (45 ° 83 'north latitude and 21 ° 32 'east) and occupies a total area of 7150 ha, of which 6292 ha of agricultural land and 43.5 ha of forest. The soil under study is a vertic chernozem. According geotechnical studies in the area, soil stratifications are: topsoil from 0.2 to 0.8 m, 2.1 m local; lands comprising clay loam, silty clay, clay powders, pastes Varta-hard, wet and very wet. An important feature is the contraction of the earth clay specific high plains, depending on the humidity. From the common geomorphological fall in Plain Banato-Crisan, part of the Western Plain of Romania, eastern extremity of the Tisza Plain. Located in the west of the country, the investigated area is characterized by a moderate temperate continental climate with mild winters and short, often being under the influence of cyclones and air masses from the Mediterranean and Adriatic Sea. Growing radishes aims raw consumption throughout the year to the roots, protected crops from the field (month radishes, summer and winter) and shelter (radishes month). Month radishes contain 5-8% dry matter and the summer and winter mainly represented 8-11% carbohydrates. Spicy taste of radish is due to allyl sulfide and essential oils which give them food and taste great importance. The biological material studied was represented by three varieties of radishes, Watermelon, French Breakfast radishes and beer, Birra di Monaco. Fertilization was done differently, depending on the vegetation period of cultivated varieties of radishes. Mineral fertilization was made split, with small norms and the organic phase was applied just prior culture. The aim was to obtain quality radishes, farms at certain times of the year. Firmness is the best indicator of maturity radishes.
soil, fertilizers, varietz, cernoziom vertic, radishes
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