COMPACTION PHENOMENA WITH NEGATIVE IMPACT ON CONSTRUCTION PUBLISHEDR. BERTICI 1(3), Gh. ROGOBETE2, Silvica ONCIA1, D. ŢĂRĂU1(3), D. DICU1(3), Laura ȘMULEAC1, Anișoara IENCIU1
Abstract Soil compaction can be discussed in light of the farmer, in which case include the same process of land degradation due to natural or anthropogenic and secondly in terms of the civil engineer, in which case it is a technological operation, of building foundations, dams, embankments. In soil mechanics for construction, compaction is a process of converting of a soil into a material or rock hard to achieve stable construction. Some authors consider compacting synonymous, partly with compression or consolidation. The paper is based on soil studies conducted by OSPA Timisoara, in the land mapping of Dudeştii Vechi and Sânnicolau Mare, with the effective participation of authors and the experimental tests on the effect of ground compaction by machinery and land reclamation technologies applied. Density measurements have been processed, the apparent density and the porosity calculated and the degree of compaction over the entire thickness of the soil profile. The paper presents the results obtained in only 41 profiles on two representative depths. Compaction is one of the limiting factors of agricultural production, which includes factors ranging from land degradation and affect large areas of agricultural land and cause serious damage to the building.
Key words: compaction, soil profile, factor, degradation