THE VOCABULARY OF BOTANY: ROMANIAN TERMS OF ARABIC AND TURKISH ORIGIN PUBLISHEDGeorgeta Rata
The goal of the paper is to show the direct impact of the Turkish language on Romanian and the indirect impact of the Arabic language on Romanian in the field of botany. The study is part of a vast research on languages in contact (Turkish and Romanian). The material (Romanian words of Arabic and Turkish origin) has been analysed with the methods specific to linguistics, with focus on history and distribution, lexical fields, routes of transmission, usage restrictions, re-use of linguistic materials, and semantic evolution. This is the first analysis of the Romanian botanical vocabulary of Arabic and Turkish origin. Results show that this vocabulary is rarely perceived as foreign as proven by the large number of derivatives, compound words, and words with shifted semanticism. The research is limited by the uncertainty regarding the etymology of some terms (several sources are indicated). The study contributes to the raising of cultural, multi-cultural and inter-cultural awareness of both students and teaching staff. The study is original in both approach and resources. The importance of the study lies in everything stated previously.
Botany, Arabic, Turkish