SOIL RESOURCES OF THE DOMAȘNEA COMMUNE, CARAȘ – SEVERIN COUNTY PUBLISHED

Okros Adalbert, Niță Lucian, Niță Simona, Dicu Daniel Dorin, Beutură Deliu, Astrid Groszler Simone adalbertokros@yahoo.com
The present paper refers to the land pertaining to the cadastral territory of the Domașnea commune, in Caraș-Severin county, respectively the soils identified in the mentioned perimeter. It is studied in relationship with the environmental factors that condition its existance, together forming homogenous ecological territory units (UT or TEO) which display specific abilities in different agricultural or silvicultural uses and with specific amelioration technologies and requirements. The present study aims at: - identifying, outlining and inventorying soil-land units, resulting in outlining a map and the legend of the soil and land units. - characterizing the identified soil units outlined on the map morphologically, physically, hygrophobically and chemically. - assessing the lands and establishing the favour ability for the main crops - highligting the nature and intensity of the limiting and/or restrictive factors of the agricultural production. - gouping lands depending on their appropriatenss for various uses (tillable, grassland, hayland etc.). - establishing usage categories and subcategories for agriculture or forestry based on the land appropriateness. - determining the soil provision/insuring with nutrients, as well as soil reaction (agrochemical soil characterization). - identifying, outlining and inventorying soil/land degradation types, establishing land restrictions for various uses and establishing proper agropedoameliorative and antiemotional measures. The Domașnea commune territory leas in Caraș-Severin county, at about 45 km from Caransebeș and about 60 km from Orșova. The Domașnea commune is made upmif the villages Cănicea and Domașnea, which is also the commune administrative center and is surrounded by: - to the north – the communal territory of Teregova - to the west – the communal territory of Luncavița - to the south-west the communal territory of Mehadica - to the south - the communal territory of Cornea - to the east - the communal territory of Cornereva. The following were determined through various calculus methods: - total porosity, PT( % ) - air porosity, PA % wilting coefficient, CO % - field capacity, CC% - total capacity, CT % - useful water capacity, CU% - maximum yield capacity - compaction degree GT (%) - humus reserve (t/ha) - nitrogen index I.N. - alkali saturation degree V%
yeld, soil type, nutrients, soil characteristics
Soil Sciences
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