THE PRODUCTIVITY OF SOME RAPESEED GENOTYPES IN THE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OF ARDS CARACAL PUBLISHED

Gh. MATEI , Ana Maria DODOCIOIU , F. IMBREA , C. Ș. DOBRE anadodocioiu@gmail.com
The tendency for growing rapeseed areas from the USA and European Union has also shifted to Romania in the last 10 years. Several companies from Western Europe have launched an offensive on the Romanian market seeking large areas of land on which to grow rapeseed, which they later turn into oil, which is turn, as a result of the additive, into biodiesel. Biodiesel is a fuel used for automobiles instead of diesel, being cheaper and less polluting. The explosion of demand for biodiesel on the world market has influenced the areas where rape is grown in Romania. If in 2005 the cultivated area was about 50.000 ha, in 2006 was doubled up to 100.000 ha and in 2009 the increase was substantial - about 600.000 ha and now the cultivated area is around of 500 000 ha with small variations of this depending of the price market (404.715 ha in 2014, FAOSTAT 2017). European Union has over 30% from international market of rapeseed with France as fist exporter and Germany as first producer of rapeseed. In Romania, the average rapeseed yields are only of 2-2.5 tons/ha, quite low, and the price of one tone in the Constanta port varies between 220 to 225 USD/tone. The number of rapeseed varieties and hybrids increased as the cultivated area increased. Serious investments are being made in the improvement and testing activity, so that specific recommendations are made for certain areas and implicitly for different areas from countries. For this, there needs to be a well-documented information on cultivated rapeseed varieties and hybrids, knowing that the central area of Oltenia is known as an area with a dry climate. Considering that there are very different climatic conditions to Western Europe, where most varieties come from, it is necessary to make some very professional tests, aiming at highlighting the material that exhibits high adaptability (Iancu Paula et all, 2009). Taking in account those above mentioned in this paper we present the results obtained to an assortment of rapeseed from Euralis Company tested in climatic conditions of Agricultural Research and Development Station of Caracal, during of three years: 2015, 2016 and 2017.
colza hybrids, assortment, yields
Field crops and pastures
Presentation: poster

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