Luminiţa Cojocariu, Tiberiu Iancu, Marinel Horablaga, Adrian Cojocariu, Adina Horablaga
The introduction and generalization in production of the latest technologies for fodder cultivation must also rely on the calculation of the economic efficiency. The purpose of these calculations is to give an opportunity to each producer for choosing the optimum technological variants, with great productions on the surface unit, of high quality and low costs. In general, in the classical intensive technologies of fodder cultivation, there isn’t always a direct correlation between the level of the achieved productions and the size of the economical indicators, because the economic efficiency is very much influenced by the value of the expenditures made. In a zootechnical farm the fodder is to be found through the animals and respectively through the products obtained from the animals and subsequently the economical efficiency is not directly related to the profit rate. Moreover some fodder is not bought/ sold. Some fodder is only cultivated in specialized zootechnical farms for feeding herbivores, which daily consume significant quantities of biomass (1UVM- daily consumes 50-60 kg of green mass). We have calculated the economic efficiency of the Alfalfa and English Ryegrass because of the fact that the hay of leguminous plants and gramineae are commercialized on a large scale in the Banat area. The average selling price of Alfalfa hay is 0,078 €/kg, and that of the English Ryegrass is 0.065 €/kg. The application of the bio-stimulators for growth in the case of Alfalfa and English Ryegrass cultivation led to an increase of the hay production per hectare, which also led to an increase of the revenue obtained per surface unit.
Alfalfa; Lolium perenne; economic efficiency; hay
Presentation: oral