BEHAVIOUR OF MAIZE HYBRIDS IN SOIL AND CLIMATE CONDITIONS FROM SCDA LOVRIN IN 2014 PUBLISHEDI., MACRA1; Daniela, SUBA2; E., IEVA1; Gabriela, MACRA1; Georgeta, POP1 None firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract: This study aimed at testing four maize hybrids for grains, Severo (FAO270), Kinemas (FAO350): Kornelius (FAO400) and KWS 3381 (FAO450), planted over two consecutive periods with a view to certifying the issue regarding their behaviour under the climate of Banat, SCDA Lovrin area, and to determining their production capacity. The bi-factorial experiment was placed in the experimental field according to the subdivided lots method. The experimental field stretches across 768,4 m2, with the distribution of the four hybrids in six rows of 8m each, three repetitions. The area cultivated with a hybrid is of 33,6 m2. They were planted at a depth of 6-7cm. The density was established at 62000-65000 harvested plants per hectare, and the distance between the rows was 70cm. The fertilization was done with 20:20:0 complex fertilizer, while weeds were fought with chemical products by pre-emerging weed control with Adengo – 0.4l dosage, and post-emerging with Mustang – 0,5l/ha dosage and Gat Motion – 1,5l/ha dosage. During the vegetation period several observations in different phenological stages were made: emergence, flowering, silk, maturation, and their correlation with the climatic and soil conditions. Planting early hybrids in the third decade of April ensures a temperature of over 10°C and the necessary humidity for germination, which leads to bigger productions of grains (STAS 11580 kg/ha) compared to their planting in the first decade of May (11568kg/ha). These hybrids show a good tolerance to draught and heat. The grain productions were: Severo 9130kg/ha in R1/season II, Kinemas 10781kg/ha in R1/season I, Kornelius 10975kg/ha in R1/season I, and the most productive was KWS 3381 with 11580kg/ha in R1/season I. When harvested, the average humidity of the grains was at 15,8-21,5%.
field crops and pastures