THE RESULTS OF THE MODERN DRIP IRRIGATION OF MAIZE IN SZARVAS PUBLISHED

Z. FUTÓ, G. BENCZE futo.zoltan@gk.szie.hu
The results of Hungarian maize production are significantly below the yields and total quantity als in the world. Maize yields can be increased significantly if we improve the plant's water supply. To increase the yield of maize in Hungary, we can respond faster with the development of irrigation. The irrigation reaction of maize is excellent, increase on the yield of the irrigation, depending on the year and the amount of precipitation, 10-90%. The proportion of agricultural irrigated areas in the world is steadily increasing, in 2013 has exceeded 325 million hectares, which contributes significantly to the increase in the average yield in the world. The yield of maize can be significantly increased by improving the water supply of the plant. In many areas, only little water is available for irrigation. Traditional irrigation has been switched to drip irrigation in the experiment. Drip irrigation is up-to-date, energy and water-saving irrigation. Energy consumption is only a quarter of its rainwater irrigation. The water consumption of drip irrigation is only half of the water consumption of traditional irrigation. There is not a large evaporation loss and leakage loss. Dropping irrigation is not cheap, but it is very beneficial for water consumption, energy consumption and results in a high yield. The water requirement of maize is not too high, 450-550 mm. Daily water consumption is 4.5-5.5 mm/ha (45-55 m3/ha). The effect of drip irrigation in our experiment was examined for the yield of corn. The experiment was set up at Szarvas in the experimental field of the University of Szent István, Faculty of Agricultural and Economics Studies, in Iskolaföld. The yields increased by 22.3-24.5% compared to the yields of control plots. In our experiment, the growth of the average yield was good for economically. It has been found that drip irrigation can be successfully used in maize producting. The large yields resulted in economical drip irrigation.
corn, irrigation, drip irrigation, crop average
Field crops and pastures
Presentation: poster

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