THE FAUNA FROM HUNEDOARA COUNTY - AN EVALUATION PUBLISHEDC.I. CIONTU1*, Maria DINCĂ2, I. CHISĂLIŢĂ1 Ciontu_Catalin@yahoo.com
The total forest fund surface of Hunedoara County is of approximately 149.425 ha, comprising 70 game funds with a surface of 676.446ha. Amongst the game species present in this County, eight (chamois, common deer, bear, boar, grouse, beech marten, trout and pickerel) were selected and classified based on 19 criteria (harvesting period, the quantity gathered by a worker in eight hours, harvesting cost, harvesting knowledge, knowledge for harvesting the species, distribution domain, biotic threats, abiotic threats, outage, market potential, market request, the product’s “popularity” on the market, gross price, derived product price, portfolio of derived products, the transport from the harvesting point up to the storage center). Notes from 1 to 8 were given for each species taken into account for this study by specialists from the domain and by using an analytical hierarchical process (AHP) based on the Expert Choice Desktop Software. As such, the species with an important game interest are the common deer and chamois due to the fact that they have a large portfolio of derived products, a large distribution range and a high demand on the market. On the other side, the least important species are the bear and beech marten as the bear is hunted only in exceptional cases approved by authorities such as the multiplication of attacks on domestic animals, agricultural cultures or humans while the beech marten does not present an interest from either a hunting or capitalization point of view. Overall, the harvesting potential and commercialization of game species, as well as their diversity, in this County is high. This aspect is the cause of a well represented forest area that allows the space and environment in which these species can reproduce and develop. Hunting and trading these species also represents an important income source for the owners of hunting funds.
game funds, Hunedoara, common deer, chamois, beech marten
Biology applied in Agriculture