AGRICULTURE OF THE VAȚA DE JOS, HUNEDOARA COUNTY PUBLISHED

Ungureanu Alexandra Gabriela, Bojinescu (cas. Botoș) Florina Nicoleta, Okros Adalbert, Mihuț Casiana adalbertokros@yahoo.com
The commune Vaţa de Jos, located on the road from Brad to Oradea, covers an area of 20,263 hectares, of which 3,570 are agricultural lands, its population is about 3,718 inhabitants and is composed of 13 settlements, these being the commune center. and the villages: Vaţa de Sus, Căzăneşti, Basarabasa, Prăvăleni, Ciungani, Ociu, Ocişor, Brotuna, Târnava de Cris, Prihodis, Tătărăştii de Cris, Vata de Jos and Birtin. The commune Vaţa de Jos is located at the northeastern tip of Hunedoara county. The geographical position of the commune Vaţa de Jos, is limited by the values 46 ° 11 'north latitude and 22 ° 36' east longitude. In the north and west the commune is neighboring with Arad county, in the south-west and south it is neighboring with Tomeşti commune, to the south-east with Vorţa commune, and in the east with Baia de Criş commune. The distance from the town of Vaţa de Jos - Deva is 60 km and to Brad is 20 km. The closest villages to the commune center are Prihodişte and Basarabasa, 2 km away. In the northeast, the commune is crossed by the national road DN 76 (Oradea-Brad-Deva) and almost parallel to it, by the railway that connects Deva with the localities Brad, Vaţa de Jos and Arad. The commune Vaţa de Jos is in the intra-mountain depression Brad - Hălmagiu, at the foot of the Metaliferi mountains, on the western edge of the Land of the Crişeni Mountains and at the confluence of the Ponor and Crişul White watercourses. The relief is mostly hilly and grows from the Crişului White meadow to near the Metaliferi mountains, presenting elements of a geometric symmetry. The relief presents altitude differences between the actual submerged basin and the surrounding hills, specifically for the intramontane tectonic basins. The share of the land is approx. 230 m. The climate is temperate, having a specific character for depression, with slight variations in temperature. The wind has low intensities due to the relief shapes, which prevent the massive air travel. Annual average temperature: 9 0C. Precipitation average: 700 mm (quite high) The precipitation waters - abundant in this area - are gathered by the Crişul Alb and the Ponor stream (Vaţa), both of which have a torrential character, giving rise to the floods, especially the spring, but not only, because in December 1995 the waters of the two streams had left the stall. The soil of the administrative territory of the commune belongs largely to agricultural land (50.33%) but also to forests (46.17%). The timber fund is capitalized through the care of the foresters and the economic agents that carry out their activity in this field. The commune Vaţa de Jos covers an area of 20263 ha, representing about 3% of the area of Hunedoara county from which agricultural land: 3570 ha - agricultural land, of which: - 1730 ha arable land, - 1021 ha of pastures, - 819 ha of hay
Vața de Jos, Hunedoara, agriculture, grassland, hay
Soil Sciences
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