Andreea Giorgiana RĂBONȚU, GeorgianA Adina STOIAN, Adalbert OKROS, Iasmina SAVESCU
Agriculture is one of the oldest occupations of mankind, being intrinsically linked to the sedentary life, since the people, from the nomads, became plant cultivators and animal breeders. Currently it is considered that 42% of the world's population deals with agriculture, making it by far the most widespread human occupation. Unfortunately, agricultural products account for only 4.4% of the world's gross product.The purpose of this work is to study agriculture within the communal territory of Remetea Mare, Timis County, with the purpose of obtaining an information fund on the agricultural system practiced, the crops and the productions obtained during the three years of study, the natural environment.The territory of Remetea Mare commune is located in the eastern part of Timişoara Municipality at approx. 17 km from it and has the following neighbors: - north west - Pişchia communal territory - to the east - the communal territory Recaş - to the south - Chevereşu Mare communal territory (Timişului course) - to the southwest - the communal territory of Moşniţa - to the west - the communal territory of Giarmata and Ghiroda The total area of the surveyed territory is 10,124.74 ha. The investigated perimeter is part of the large physical-geographical unit Banato-Crişană. This is one of the three pericarpal units being disposed on the western side of the Western Carpathians and comprises distinct subunits, but closely linked by genesis, evolution and land use: - Banato-Crişene hills - Banato-Crişana Plain The territory of Remetea Mare is part of the group of South-Western hydrographic systems, the Timiş-Bega river basin. The old manure cone of Mureş was fragmented and divided by a series of erosion valleys, torrential elements in the incipient phase today mostly stabilized and corrected. The most important watercourses are the Timiş and Bega rivers. The microclimatic peculiarities of the investigated area are determined by its geographical position, so that it is characterized by a temperate continental climate with shorter and milder winters, being frequently under the influence of cyclones and air masses that cross the Mediterranean and Adriatic. . Its general features are marked by the diversity and irregularity of the atmospheric processes. There are 9 types and 127 subtypes of soil in the investigated perimeter as follows: 1. Aluviosoluri 370.10 ha. 2. Eutricambosoluri: 2406.79 ha. 3. Pruvuvosols: 3089.90 ha. 4. Luvosols: 360.44 ha. 5. Pelosoluri: 1244.89 ha. 6. Vertioluri: 454.27 ha. 7. Gleiosols: 372.83 ha 8. Ponds: 346.42 ha. 9. Erosols: pelices 47.43. The main crops grown in the studied area are: cereals, technical plants, oilseeds, legumes and vegetables.
Remetea Mare, yields, agriculture, areas, agricultural systems
Soil Sciences
Presentation: poster