ASPECTS ON THE BREEDING SEASON OF BIRD FAUNA IN THE ROSPA0074 MAGLAVIT (ROMANIA) PUBLISHEDAlexandru C. Birău1, Liana Mihaela FERICEAN1 email@example.com
Our study was carried out from March 2016 to September 2019, within the perimeter of 3 wetlands (Lake Fântâna Banului, Lake Maglavit, and Balta Golenți) as well as in the agricultural, forestry and grassland ecosystems form the Maglavit Special Protection Area. This area is known for its ornithological importance, as it is located on the most important bird migration corridor in the lower basin of the Lower Danube. The diversity study of the avian fauna was carried out using occurrence and dominance indices. Another method used was the route method, applied in poplar drifts near the Danube river and in the forest of Maglavit; species heard, encountered, and frequency of meetings were noted in ObsMapp. In this study, we focused on the diversity of breeding birds in the site.. The final list brings together 121 species that have constantly nested within the studied territory and 9 other species with uncertain status in certain years of the monitoring stage (Anser anser, Tadorna tadorna, Chlidonias leucopterus, Recurvirostra avosetta, Caprimulgus europaeus, Ficedula hypoleuca, Aegithalos caudatus , Haliaeetus albicilla, Circus pygargus). At lake Fantana Banului a total of 5982 pairs of birds and 53 species were recorded. At lake Maglavit 36 species of birds were recorded with a total of 1891 pairs. At the habitat Golenți 31 species of birds with a total of 1057 pairs were recorded. At the habitat of -deciduous forest 59 species of birds were recorded with a total of 5584 pairs. At the farmland we recorded 18 species with a total of 1075 pairs. The nesting habitats are in a good state of conservation a fact which has favoured a high consistency in the dynamics and the number of bird populations during the three years of monitoring. However, the tendency of birds to choose areas that can be correlated with a lower anthropic impact has been observed, areas where, in particular, fishing is controlled and fish poaching is almost non-existent.
bird fauna, breeding, Nature 2000, climate, anthropogenic impact
Biology applied in Agriculture