BEHAVIOR OF SOME GENOTYPES OF MEDICAGO SP. IN THE WESTERN REGION OF ROMANIA PUBLISHED

Marinela COSTEA1, Abel ARDELEAN1, Florentina CĂTĂNESCU1, Ian KAȘA1, Irina PETRESCU1, Ciprian STROIA1 cipistroia2001@yahoo.com
Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) is a forage species widely cultivated in temperate regions around the world. The numerous varieties of alfalfa currently available on the European market, create a great difficulty for farmers in choosing the most suitable variety for their needs. Precise information on the morphological characters of the varieties existing on the market and their behavior in relation to the environmental conditions, greatly helps the farmers to make their management decisions. Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) is one of the most valuable crops of fodder plants due to the high production of green table and the superior quality of the fan, being a very popular fodder culture in Romania. The lucerne fan contains 80% calcium, 0.18% phosphorus, 1.23% potassium, 0.22% magnesium and 0.2% sulfur, mineral salts that recommend it for use especially in dairy cows. Lucerne has a wide variety of uses, being one of the most popular herbs, but also a plant widely used in natural treatments. Lucerne has been grown since ancient times in the territory of our country. Lucerne has been cultivated for millennia. Ancient civilizations, such as Mesopotamia, used to cultivate it. Then it was brought to ancient Greece, Africa and eventually to America, through Spanish colonists. The benefits of growing alfalfa. Lucerne has a great capacity to adapt to various climatic conditions. Due to its long roots, the lucerne can absorb a large amount of water. The objectives of this study were to measure and compare the differences in morphological characteristics of the three different varieties of Medicago sativa L. in three years of cultivation in the Jimbolia area. In the area of Jimbolia there are several lucerne growers, being the only fodder plant cultivated in the area in 2019, and establishing a precedent of measurements and comparisons would help these growers and those in the future to determine if their culture is in the standard norms.
Alfalfa, genotypes, morphology.
Biology applied in Agriculture
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