AGRICULTURAL CHEMISTRATION IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ROMANIAN AGRICULTURE PUBLISHED

M.C., CUCU1, Ioana, PANAIT1 alina_anitzei@yahoo.com
In Romania, approximately 98% of the agricultural area is cultivated in a conventional system, which indicates the fact that it is an important consumer of chemicals used in agriculture. The use of chemicals as well as the increase in the degree of technical endowment have led to improved yields per hectare and in some cases even doubled production, however, although food security is becoming an easier goal to achieve, food security is becoming a vulnerable target. chemicals. The purpose of the study is to determine the trend of the use of chemicals in Romanian agriculture and to highlight their impact on the sustainable development of the agricultural sector. The article presents a quantitative analysis of the statistical data collected and processed to determine as accurately as possible the situation of Romania in terms of agricultural chemicalization. The importance of the study stems from the fact that sustainable development is a concept that has gained more and more ground recently and reducing the amount of chemicals in agriculture is an important goal. The European Union's strategy for 2030 is to reduce fertilizer consumption by 20% and reduce the use of hazardous pesticides by 50%. The research results reflect the evolution of the quantities of chemicals used in Romanian agriculture, analyze the trend of the main agricultural regions, and determine the relationship between the degree of chemicalization and the yield of agriculture. In Romania, approximately 98% of the agricultural area is cultivated in a conventional system, which indicates the fact that it is an important consumer of chemicals used in agriculture. The use of chemicals as well as the increase in the degree of technical endowment have led to improved yields per hectare and in some cases even doubled production, however, although food security is becoming an easier goal to achieve, food security is becoming a vulnerable target. chemicals. The purpose of the study is to determine the trend of the use of chemicals in Romanian agriculture and to highlight their impact on the sustainable development of the agricultural sector. The article presents a quantitative analysis of the statistical data collected and processed to determine as accurately as possible the situation of Romania in terms of agricultural chemicalization. The importance of the study stems from the fact that sustainable development is a concept that has gained more and more ground recently and reducing the amount of chemicals in agriculture is an important goal. The European Union's strategy for 2030 is to reduce fertilizer consumption by 20% and reduce the use of hazardous pesticides by 50%. The research results reflect the evolution of the quantities of chemicals used in Romanian agriculture, analyze the trend of the main agricultural regions, and determine the relationship between the degree of chemicalization and the yield of agriculture.
sustainable use, food safety, rationalization
Soil Sciences
Presentation: poster

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