DESIGN OF A SPECIALIZED AGRICULTURAL SYSTEM IN BELINȚ, TIMIȘ COUNTY, ROMANIA. PUBLISHED

Maria Manuela CRISTA, D. LAICHICI, A. OKROS, V. D. MIRCOV, D. MANEA None alina_anitzei@yahoo.com
Agriculture has been ensured human food, being practiced differently, depending on the climate, environment, soil, and the requirements of crops or the need of animals for feed. In this work, we encourage the involvement of as many people as possible in this field, both for profit and a healthy life. The only way to improve our life and live healthier is agriculture, both for the producer and for the consumer. Implementation of the system is to take place in the municipality of Belinț, a city representative for the cultivation of vegetables (potato, cabbage, seedlings, etc.). The agricultural system is a complex of economic and social elements interconnected, designed and made by man in order to obtain vegetable and/or animal products to meet the human needs. Specialized agricultural systems are characterized by the fact that their activity aims to obtain a single produc, or the making of certain agricultural services. (ARDELEAN V., 1979, BORCEAN I., 1996). The region has always been agriculturally rich (especially for gardening), due to the wind from the NW, which brings to the earth a loess rich in salts. Deep down, the soil is limestone and sandy. This work includes the implementation of a specialized agricultural system. This system deals with the cultivation of vegetables with all technological links and economic aspect. The total area cultivated is 3 ha and it is a familiar business. (COSTE I., 1986., IANOŞ G., 1997). On the 3 ha, there grow salad, radishes, spinach, onions, garlic, cucumber, dill, parsley, carrot, parsnips, peas, beans, beets, cauliflower, cabbage, potatoes, maize, strawberries, pumpkin, and melon. In addition to growing in the open field, the farmer also has 4 solaria. The land area is divided into two plots. One of the plots has a surface of 1 ha, where the 4 solariums are found, which have a lenght of 20m and a width of 6m. In this plot are cultivated plants that require more manual labor for both their care and planting. In the second plot of 2 ha are cultivated plants that are cared for tehnologically, these being sweet corn, potato, beets, strawberries, melons, pumpkin and cabbage. Most of the work and sowing will be done with a tractor and the rest of the equipment depending on the requirements of the platns we want to grow. Both sowing and care work, will be mechanized, partially mechanized or manul. The treatments will be done with special machines. In addition to this, there will future plans for small businesses. (IOAN OANCEA 2005)
agriculture, systems, vegetables, farmer, soil
Soil Sciences
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