INNOVATIVE PROCESS FOR SOIL TILLING IN SMALL INDIVIDUAL FARMS. PUBLISHED

I. MĂRUNȚELU 1, Gh. BRĂTUCU 1 None ion.maruntelu@unitbv.ro
This paper aims to present the special advantage of a new model of hand tool for tillage the soil in gardens and protected areas of small individual households, the so-called "miracle shovel" compared to other models of classic hand tools. It is very important for all supporters of organic farming to keep the structure of the soil during its processing. Working the soil with a regular tool requires a lot of physical effort and unpleasant pain in the lower back.The new tool model is an invention that has revolutionized the category of gardening tools. It has an ingenious, simple design and can be used as a tool that simultaneously performs the functions of fork, shovel and rake, simultaneously performing digging, harrowing, weeding, loosening and smoothing the soil. This tool was designed not only to make work easier, but also to improve the quality of work and increase labor productivity 2-3 times.The principle of operation of this tool is very simple. Due to the lever system, the mobile "forks" go through the fixed ones; fixed on the frame, carefully loosen the ground, as if we "comb" it with a comb. The soil is loosened to a depth of about 25 cm and a width of 43 cm without cutting the weed roots, which prevents them from spreading. Thus, weeds can be easily pulled by hand and the ground remains clean. It is no longer necessary to use the rake later because the soil remains loose and soft.In addition, it does not destroy the fertile layer on the surface by turning the furrow. Another advantage compared to a conventional tool is the conservation of the natural environment, the soil is not only loose, but is also sifted evenly. This allows the removal of overgrown weeds, keeps the soil moist, improving gas exchange, as a result of which the plants will receive more nutrients. Therefore, this tool is a reliable tool appreciated by many farmers and helps to work the soil effortlessly significant.
innovative procedure, manual tool, miracle shovel, soil processing, small individual households
Soil Sciences
Presentation: poster

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