ASPECTS REGARDING THE EVOLUTION THE ORGANIC FOOD MARKET IN THE WORLD PUBLISHEDManuela Dora ORBOI None
Organic production systems are based on specific and precise standards of production, agropursuing the best, easy to sustain in terms of social, environmental and economic. "Organic" is a labelingterm that denotes products produced under organic production standards and certified by a legallyconstituted body or authority in this regard. The main purpose of organic agriculture is to optimize thehealth and productivity of interdependent communities of soil, plants, animals and humans. In 2010, thecontinent with the largest cultivated area of organic Australia / Oceania, over 12.1 million ha up to299,884 hectares in 2005, followed by Europe with 10.0 million hectares to 3.08 hectares in growthcompared to 2005, Latin America - 8.39 million ha to 2.58 million hectares up to 2005, Asia - decreasingby 2.7 million hectares to 115,281 hectares in 2005, North America - 2.6 million ha up to 453,399hectares in 2005 and Africa - about 1.07 million ha up 185,325 hectares compared to 2005. Global salesof organic food and beverages grow in an accelerated rhythm, reaching 63 billion USD in 2011. Themarket expanded more three-fold between 2000 and 2011, from 17.9 billion USD to 63 billion USDreaching. The organic demand is concentrated in North America and Europe, these two regionscomprising 96% of the global revenues. The European organic food and beverage market is the largestand most complex in the world, evaluated at 28 billion USD in 2010. Sales of organic products andbeverages in North America continues to grow, retail sales were estimated at 17.3 billion USD in 2006,23 billion USD in 2008, 26.3 billion USD in 2009, and in 2010 reached to 28.6 billion USD. Asianmarket in 2006, retail sales were around 780 million USD, and in 2009 reached about 1 billion USD.Latin America is a major producer and exporter of organic products, however internal markets arebeginning to slowly develop. Almost all organic food production in Africa is for the export market. Asorganic food production continues to rise across the globe, some sectors are expected to experienceoverproduction.
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