ASPECTS REGARDING THE ZONING OF FORESTS FROM MINING SURFACE AREAS LOCATED IN THE CURVATURE SUB-CARPATHIANS PUBLISHEDB.I. PLEȘCA1, Ioana-Maria PLEȘCA*1, I. TIMOFTE1, L.C. DINCĂ1 National Institute for Research and Development in Forestry “Marin Drăcea” email@example.com
Zoning forests in Romania has become a method used in managing forests during the ‘50-’60. This process allowed forest to have priority protection functions or production functions. Technical norms divide forests from the Ist functional group, namely forests with protection functions, in 5 subgroups. One such subgroup is represented by 1-2-fortests with soil protection functions. Due to the fact that mining areas are also distributed in the national forest fund, the forests that surround them have been classified in the 2J function – Forests from around surface mines and pits located in areas with erosion hazards. The Curvature Sub-Carpathians present three mining areas created around surface mining exploitations (two in Prahova Sub-Carpathians and one in Ialomiței Sub-Carpathians). The stands that create these protection strips are generally composed of species that are specific to the level that is formed in these forests. As such, holm and common beech are predominant, followed by specific species that fight against erosion occurrences such as pine, locust and birch. Forest productivity is average towards weak due to the lithological substratum. The assigned exceptional conservation function causes a low intensity of applied works in order to avoid field movements that are specific to the Sub-Carpatthian area (landslides, muddy leakages, caving, rolling). In addition, they ensure the safe progress of local mining activities.
mining, pine, Sub-Carpathians, Zoning forests, protection functions