D. BOBOUTANU1, N. BAGHINA1 1University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary „King Michael I of România” from Timişoara
. Maintaining the human-nature balance, simultaneously with economic and social progress, a basic concept of sustainable development, is the solution of the two opposite trends: economic growth and protection of environmental resources. This means eliminating current forms of waste and increasing the quality of the environment. The overall objective of sustainable waste management is to prevent and rationally reduce the potential negative impact on the natural environment. Responsibility for waste management activities rests with their generators in accordance with the "polluter pays" principle or, as the case may be, with producers in accordance with the "producer responsibility" principle. Organizing the activities of collecting, transporting and disposing of municipal waste is one of the obligations of local public administrations. In order to meet the national and european objectives in the field of waste management, it is necessary to involve, practically, the whole society, represented by: central and local public authorities (environment, administration, health, industry, finance); waste generators (individuals and legal entities); local sanitation operators; professional associations and research and development institutes; civil society (consumers of goods, non-governmental organizations, etc.). The greening of localities, generally understood as sanitation activity, aims to achieve and maintain the hygiene of an urban or rural settlement, on which depends largely the quality of life of the population. In accordance with Law no. 139/2002 for the approval of the Government Ordinance no. 87/2001 regarding the public sanitation services of the localities, the sanitation is “a local public service of communal management, organized, coordinated, regulated, led, monitored and controlled by the local public administration authorities”. The attributions of this service have in view: the collection, transport and storage of solid residues, except for toxic, hazardous residues and those with special regime; administration of ecological, compliant landfills, sweeping, washing of public roads, cleaning and transporting snow from public roads and maintaining them in operation during frost or frost. As a result, urban greening is an activity that must contribute to preserving the values of the environment, the health of the population and a civilized living environment. This paper describes the sanitation activity performed by S.C. RETIM Ecologic Service S.A. within the municipality of Timişoara, following the route of waste from collection, transport to recovery or final storage on a compliant landfill. The mechanisms of municipal waste management are presented, together with the methods used by S.C. RETIM Ecologic Service S.A. in order to be able to achieve the concept of "zero waste" in the future.
sanitation, efficiency, waste management, recovery, storage, zero - waste
environmental engineering
Presentation: poster