MACHINERY AND TECHNOLOGIES USED IN SOIL CONSERVATION SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE* PUBLISHEDC.L. CAUC, O. DUȘAN, Cosmina BOCA, Casiana MIHUȚ, Anișoara DUMA-COPCEA Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania”, Timisoara email@example.com
Soil degradation processes involve the need for conservation, maintenance and improvement of soil quality. Soil properties, as well as soil formators, such as climate, land use or soil management, determine the degree of soil degradation. Certain agricultural systems and practices are targeting one or more soil degradation processes and can contribute to better protection and preservation of edaphic resources, which has led us to carry out a series of studies and research directly in the field, using certain agricultural machines and technologies so that the soil does not suffer deep transformations and do not spoil its state of current fertility but, on the contrary, to apply those conservation methods that lead to preservation, to maintaining and retaining water in the soil, getting some high quality good yields with low production costs. Agricultural practice has highlighted that soil production capacity in the case of modern agricultural technologies (machines, fertilizers) increases with the necessary works for land improvements, prevention and control of erosion, a positive or balanced ratio of organic substances in the arable soil layer. Following the use of these machines and technologies, the first to win are farmers that implement them. In Romania, there are currently several farms that use and apply modern soil work technologies and in areas where soils and crops are suitable for them.
soil, preservation, machinery and technologies, sustainability
field crops and pastures