ECOLOGICAL REQUIREMENTS AND SUBSTRATES USED IN THE CULTIVATION OF PELARGONIUM SPECIES* PUBLISHED

Aurelia MIHUȚ, A MOISE, B. BOSTAN, Casiana MIHUȚ, Valeria CIOLAC Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania”, Timisoara casiana_mihut@usab-tm.ro
In the paper, we make a brief presentation of the ecological requirements of the Pelargonium species under the climatic conditions of Timiş County, Romania. We present climate factors, edaphic factors, and substrates used in geranium that are grown in pots, as well as care works specific to this species. Pelargonium species has the advantage that it can be cultivated both directly in the soil in the garden and in various pots. Research took place in Giarmata, Timiş County, Romania, on a vertic chernozem, and the substrates used were both mineral and organic materials as well as various mixtures. We used fine peat (TS3), river sand, fallow soil, vermiculite, and perlite for species cultivated in pots of different sizes and garden land, compost, barbel and river sand in the case of those cultivated directly in the soil. River sand has an important role in obtaining a good soil drainage and air and water supply capacity favourable to the cultivation of this species. The compost used was obtained from various household materials and vegetable residues and was treated with calcium carbonate (dust lime). The paper has a practical goal and presents the benefits of using culture substrates to help Pelargonium species to adapt more easily to those climate and edaphic factors specific to Giarmata, Timiş County, Romania, and earlier blossom in various dishes and to prolongate the flowering period.
Pelargonium, ecological requirements, climate factors, edaphic factors, substrates
Soil Sciences
Presentation: None

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