Dinko Brčić, Luka Šumanovac, Domagoj Zimmer Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Agrobiotehnical Sciences Osijek
The topic of this paper is the analysis and comparison of different transport systems in agriculture, which together form one unit, namely integral transport systems. In addition to all existing transport systems, emphasis is placed on the two most represented and important systems of integral transport of agricultural and food goods, namely the transport of perishable foodstuffs by road (cold chain) and ship transport of agricultural and food products, and the most important transport routes of the world and the European Union with an emphasis on the Republic of Croatia. The transport of perishable foods by road is carried out by specialized trucks, and the globalization of the market requires more efficient distribution, especially for products that require controlled temperature regimes. The flow of products in the cold chain is reduced to three basic factors, namely storage, transport and market space. The most important function of the cold chain is to deliver the product to the final customer without damaging the product in any way. Ship transport of agricultural and food products is of great importance due to the large volume of the ship (ship transport of bulk cargo - grain), where large quantities of bulk cargo or grain are safely delivered to the final destination - ports and silos. For these two most represented and most important systems of integral transport, transport routes are of crucial importance, and for the world, that is, the European Union, they are the trans-European transport network (TEN – T) and international corridors in water transport.
integral transport, transport systems, routes, requirements
mechanical engineering
Presentation: poster