CROPS DIVERSITY AND CROPPED YIELD EVOLUTION UNDER CLIMATIC CONDITIONS FROM BRAȘOV COUNTY PUBLISHEDS. VÂTCĂ1, C. HORVATH2, Ș. CHIRCAN1, Ștefania GÂDEA1,*, Anamaria VÂTCĂ3, Valentina STOIAN1,* 1University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Physiology, Calea Manaștur 3-5, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania 2Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Geography, Department of Physical and Technical Geography, 5-7 Clinicilor Street, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania 3University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Animal Science and Biotechnologies, Department of Management and Economics, Calea Manaștur 3-5, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania firstname.lastname@example.org
Under the impact of climatic changes, there is an urgent need to adopt all necessary changes in the agricultural cropping system. To accomplish this main purpose, the hierarchy of crop development in a particular region must be studied to serve as a bridge for appropriate crop cluster set recommendations. Therefore, our study aimed to assess and overlap the climatic condition and crop diversity between 2016 and 2020. Over the five studied years, a set of parameters were interconnected. Climatic principal parameters such as average temperature, maximum and minimum average temperature, and precipitation quantity were extracted from meteomanz.com database. Also, the agricultural dataset was employed from the national institute of statistics, and the analyzed parameters were total cropped area, total vegetable production, total average production, and private sector average production. We have seen that overall cropped area decreased over the years, also for specific crop groups like cereals, sugar beet, potatoes, or vegetables, the only increase was seen for oily plants. The total vegetable production followed the same pattern, with the only difference for grain maize where it was a 10% increase together with oily plants of 17% in 2020 compared with 2016. The crops with decreased interest were oat and barley, peas for grain, bean for grain, soybeans, sugar beet, tomato, and onion. This lower interest could be motivated by the fact that a lower amount of precipitation was expected. All these crop diversities, respectively cropped areas with different productions, were determined by a slight increase of average maximum temperature of 0.4°C and of the average minimum temperature of almost 1°C. In Brasov's area prevail 15 principal crops, and the cropped surfaces suffer slight changes over the analyzed period.
cropped area, production, precipitation, temperature