D. HRENIUC, D. LAICHICI, Rebeca VARGA, A. OKROS, Casiana MIHUȚ University of Life Sciences "King Michael I" from Timisoara
Along with other wine-growing centers in Romania that are consecrated (Murfatlar, Segarcea, Drăgășani, Dealu Mare, etc.), Recașul is part of the oenoclimatic point of view, of the areas producing red and aromatic wines and white wines. The purpose of this work refers to the suitability of the soils in this wine-growing center for vines. The studied material is represented by the soils identified within the studied territory and which are typical leached eutricambosol, typical preluvosol and weakly carbonate gleiosol. The categorization of these soils is different for vines, namely: eutricambosol, falls into favorability group C (favorable I), with 60 points, both for wine and table varieties; the preluvosol falls into favorability group D (favorable II), with 40 points and the gleiosol, in favorability group E (slightly favorable), with only 12 points. Gleiosol is a less fertile soil that raises serious problems for this culture, due to the processes of glaciation, due to the presence of groundwater at a shallow depth, and which requires a series of amelioration measures. The average productions achieved in the studied years are in the following order: Cadarcă, Blauerzweigelt, Merlot, Pinot noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, Oporto and Burgund mare. During the studied period, productions were reduced due to the delay in harvesting, a delay that is directly dependent on the variety, the climatic conditions during the harvesting period and their sensitivity to rot. The highest losses per day (0.9-1.1%) were observed in Cadarcă, Pinot noir and Oporto and lower in Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon varieties, but these losses can reach 50% if the harvest is not does at maturity but the harvesting of the grapes is delayed by more than 10 days.
soil, suitability, production, Recaș Wine Center
Presentation: poster