ORCHARD PLANTATION FROM PEȘTERE, CARAȘ-SEVERIN COUNTY. CASE STUDY. PUBLISHEDCristina TOȚA, Daniela SCEDEI, Delia Sorina DRĂGOI, Casiana MIHUȚ, Valeria CIOLAC 1 University of Life Sciences "King Mihai I" from Timisoara email@example.com
The purpose of the work is a case study carried out in a private fruit orchard in Peștere, Constantin Daicoviciu commune in Caraș-Severin county, in a total area of 80 hectares, being occupied with various fruit species. The studied material refers both to the skeletal rendzine type soil and to the planted fruit tree species, namely apple, plum, cherry and sour cherry, along with other fruit tree species. When describing the soils identified within the farm, both data from the field and a series of data taken from OSPA Timișoara and Contantin Daicoviciu City Hall were used. In the work, the following were taken as objectives: the geographical description of the plantation; identification and characterization of soil type; description of the orchard and the productions obtained. Morphologically, the Constantin Daicoviciu commune is located in the Timișului Valley, and the plantation in the Peștere locality is on the Cornului Hill, at an altitude of 570 m, in the northern part of the commune. The plantation is ecological, being grassed, and the phytosanitary treatments used are those accepted for ecological agriculture. As limiting factors of the fertility of this soil, there are: low useful edaphic volume (low thickness and high skeleton content), low useful water capacity. These soils are difficult to work, which is one of the reasons why the maintenance of the soil through black field has been abandoned.
Peștere, soil type, fruit plantation, obtained productions