STUDY ON AGRICULTURAL FARMINGS IN ROMANIA PUBLISHEDMihaela-Loredana GHERASIMESCU1,Ana-Mariana DINCU*2, Florinel IMBREA1 1Banat`s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “ King Michael the 1-st of Romania” from Timişoara firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of this study is to objectively analyze the agricultural sector, more precisely the evolution of agricultural holdings in Romania.In 2020, in Romania, there were 2.887 million agricultural holdings using 12.8 million hectares of agricultural land, according to data published by the National Institute of Statistics (INS). Also, within 10 years, the number of agricultural holdings decreased by 972,000, respectively by 25.2%, and the used agricultural area decreased by 543,000 ha, respectively by 4.1%.The decrease in the number of agricultural holdings led to the increase of the average agricultural area per holding by approx. 28% (from 3.45 ha in 2010 to 4.42 ha in 2020). The downward trend in the number of agricultural holdings, especially those of very small sizes, was reflected in the structure of agricultural holdings by reducing the share of holdings with a used agricultural area of less than 0.1 ha from 10.3% in 2010 to 4.3% in 2020 and the increase in the share of those that used areas larger than 10 ha from 2.2% in 2010 to 4.2% in 2020 .In Romania, the number of small farms (under 5 ha) represents over 92% of the total number of agricultural holdings in our country, increasing compared to 2005 and significantly more than the EU average from the last year of the analysis (66.3%). Based on the statistical research undertaken by us, individual agricultural holdings predominate with a share of more than 94%, those with legal personality holding a percentage between 1-6%. It is necessary to improve the competitiveness of holdings, especially those of semi-subsistence, which, through investments, both of the fixed capital type and of the introduction of new technologies and performances, will lead to the transformation of a large number of such farms into economically viable structures.
agricultural holdings, Romania, farmers, agriculture, agricultural area