Ursu Romeo Petru, Țărău Dorin "King Mihai I" University of Life Sciences from Timișoara, Aradului St. 119, Timisoara-300645, Romania
The current paper focuses on the main geomorphological and geological, hydrographic and hydrological characteristics, as well as the main indicators of echopedological characterization and how they are manifested in the area under study, as well as a series of elements relating to the current situation of waste management in Timis County, or the composition and protection of basic and auxiliary components of the landfill, as well as a series of technical solutions for control and prevention of risk situations, the fruit of a laborious activity of observation, studies and research in interdisciplinary fields. In order to manage waste (estimated at 9.58 million tons of which 7.66 million tons of household waste) as correctly and efficiently as possible, in compliance with the European Union standards, an integrated waste management system co-financed by European funds was implemented in the Timis County, covering the entire area of the Timis County, respecting the 99 administrative units, representing 100% coverage of the county with sanitation services, divided into 5 collection areas:0 Ghizela (area related to the non-hazardous waste landfill), 1 Timisoara, 2 Jimbolia, 3 Deta, 4 Faget, superimposed on the three geomorphological sectors specific to Timis County. The importance of the subject matter derives from the fact that in addition to the requirements for food, clothing and wood, the natural environment (soil, water, biodiversity...) is required by man for more and more different requirements, being used to a large extent as a place for multiple and diverse social-economic activities for various constructions (buildings, roads, water reservoirs, dams, etc.), recreational spaces, platforms and places for the storage of many wastes and residues. The quantities of residues that can enter the economic circuit in the form of useful extracted substances represent relatively small volumes in relation to the total volume of residues, with a share of less than 2%. The aim of the research undertaken originates from scientific and practical research on the accumulation of knowledge in which, through various technological and organizational measures, it is possible to reduce the area to be treated with residues by 30%, thus reducing possible pressures on the quality of the environment. Starting from the fundamental idea that man must cooperate with the environment, to consciously become a protector of it, the issue of waste management appears as a priority need when choosing optimal solutions for environmentally sound and rational waste management and to save precious natural resources both now and especially for future generations. In view of these considerations, the paper presents, based on the pedological and agrochemical information available in the OSPA archive in Timisoara, and on the research on "Research on the problems and management of biodegradable wastes - their implications on soil quality in Timis County", carried out during the doctoral school, from 18.11.2015 until now, a number of aspects related to geomorphological and geological characteristics, as well as those of the soil cover (chemical, physical, hydrophysical).
natural, functional, management, scientific, practical, waste, compost, space
Presentation: poster