METHODS OF PROCESSING RESIDUAL AND BIODEGRADABLE WASTE IN TIMIS COUNTY THROUGH THE GHIZELA LANDFILL AND BIOCOMPOSTERS IN THE TERRITORY PUBLISHEDUrsu Romeo Petru, Țărău Dorin "King Michael I" University of Life Sciences in Timișoara email@example.com
The aim of the research undertaken is rooted in scientific and practical research on the acquisition of knowledge on how to process residual and biodegradable waste in waste management and possible pressures on the quality of the environment. The importance of the topic is derived from the fact that the soil is required by man for more and more different uses and the quantities of residues that can be introduced into the economic circuit in the form of useful substances extracted, represent relatively small volumes in relation to the total volume of residues, having a share of less than 2%, but through various technological and organizational measures it is possible to reduce the area to be occupied with residues by 30%. The issue addressed refers to the ways of processing residual and biodegradable waste through the Ghizela landfill and the 35468 bio-composters purchased and distributed to the rural population through the SIMD programme. Around 77,000 tonnes of residual waste enter the Ghizela landfill every year. This waste is composed of several types of waste such as: fruit and vegetable scraps, meat, bakery products, eggs, prepared food, coffee grounds, coffee filters, tea bags, toilet paper, wet tissues, paper and cardboard packaging impregnated with oil or other liquids, etc., but also plastic, glass, foil, metal packaging, etc. are accidentally found. Because this category of waste includes waste other than biodegradable waste, it requires mechanical treatment (sorting) prior to undergoing the biocontainer bio treatment process. Mechanical treatment removes all types of waste that cannot be processed biologically. Once they are sorted, the process of biocomposition in biocontainers begins, a process that is carefully supervised by the system computer and the computer program related to the process. The best way to recover organic waste of all kinds is composting, with the possibility that the material obtained can be used in agriculture. In view of these considerations, the paper presents the data accumulated through the topic "Research on the problems and management of biodegradable waste - their implications on soil quality in Timis County", carried out during the doctoral school, respectively 18.11.2015 and until the present, a series of elements related to the current situation of waste management in Timis County and to the ways of processing residual and biodegradable waste through the Ghizela landfill and through the 35468 bio-composters distributed to the rural population through the SIMD program.
biodegradable, characteristics, compost, waste, space, values