Alexandra Maria ROVINAR, Daniel Dorin DICU, Cosmin Alin POPESCU University of Life Science "King Mihai I" from Timisoara
The purpose of the work is the accumulation of knowledge regarding the characteristics of the natural environment and its zonal peculiarities, as elements that define the structure of the land fund and the state of soil quality, in order to establish the ecological specificity of land productivity and the possible pressures on them. The importance of the research theme derives from the fact that the properties of the land are extremely differentiated in the territory, due to the variation of environmental factors and conditions. Meadows are an essential element of sustainable agriculture systems represented by: providing fodder, animal welfare, soil quality and optimal use of poorly productive land, especially for the production of biomass, a renewable energy source. Due to the fact that meadows are located in very varied seasonal conditions occupying, as a rule, surfaces unsuitable for other crops, either due to the deficient physico-chemical properties of the soil, or due to the orography of the land or other causes, their productivity is closely related to both environmental conditions in which they are found, as well as human and animal activities. The knowledge of the natural conditions and especially of the ecological potential of the land for the main categories of use and crops is of particular importance in carrying out the qualitative evaluation of the land, based on the assessment notes and the analysis of the limiting factors, being able to constitute an effective tool for the choice the set of ameliorative measures that favor an efficient use of land resources within the researched space.
soil. pasture, favorability, limiting factor
environmental engineering
Presentation: poster