MONITORING OF GRASSLANDS IN SARAVALE COMMUNE PUBLISHEDDaniel Ciubotaru, Rodica Anișoara Crăciunescu, Ciprian Stroia, Stef Ramona University of Life Sciences "King Mihai I" from Timisoara firstname.lastname@example.org
The importance of permanent pastures is highlighted by their crucial role in providing food for animals, conserving biodiversity, protecting the soil and the environment, and their contribution to the development of sustainable agricultural systems. The purpose of this study is to manage the pastures in the Saravale Commune (Timis County, Romania) to achieve optimal production and maintain biodiversity, thereby protecting the surrounding environment. To determine the floristic composition and pastoral value of grasslands, field sampling methods are used, including floristic surveys on square sample plots, and the calculation of the Pasture Value Index (PVI) for assessing the quality of the pasture. PVI ranges from 0 (degraded pasture) to 100 (ideal pasture), providing essential information for the management and conservation of plants biodiversity. The Saravale Commune hosts four distinct grasslands, each containing a diverse range of plant species. For instance, Grassland I is dominated by Agropyron repens and includes valuable legumes such as Medicago lupulina. In Body II, the predominant species are Vulpia myuros and Cynodon dactylon. Grassland III is led by Lolium perenne, while Grassland IV is characterized by Agrostis stolonifera. The removal of toxic species such as Euphorbia cyparissias and Achillea millefolium could improve the pasture's pastoral value. The aims of study were to improve the nutritional value of the grasslands in the Saravale Commune to enhance animal production and maintain a healthy ecological environment.
grasslands, management, leguminous, grasses, plant diversity