IMPACT OF IRRIGATION IN MALI PUBLISHEDA. COUMARE1, R. PAȘCALĂU1 , Laura ȘMULEAC1, S. M. STANCIU1, C. SĂLĂȘAN1, M.COUMARE2, L.SOUMANO2, M. BAKHLI3 1University of Life Sciences “King Mihai I” from Timișoara,Romania 2IPR/IFRA de Katibougou, Mali 3Univwersite de Ghardhaia, Ghardaia, Algeria firstname.lastname@example.org
Mali, located in the heart of West Africa, is a land of contrasts. It encompasses the sprawling Sahara Desert in the north and the lush Niger River Delta in the south. This geographic diversity has long defined Mali's agricultural landscape, where the availability of water has been the central determinant of prosperity and sustenance. In recent decades, however, a transformative force has been shaping the nation's agriculture, one that promises to change the course of its economic development and food security: irrigation. The role of irrigation in Mali cannot be overstated. Historically, Mali's agriculture has relied on rain-fed cultivation, subject to the caprices of a fickle climate. Rainfall patterns are unpredictable, and periods of drought can lead to crop failures, food shortages, and economic instability. In this context, irrigation emerges as a game-changer, a technology that seeks to harness the power of water to unlock the nation's agricultural potential. Mali's irrigation initiatives, driven by government policies and international collaborations, have ushered in a new era of agricultural development. From the extensive rice paddies of the Office du Niger to the community-managed market gardens, irrigation systems are transforming arid lands into productive oases. This shift not only ensures year-round cultivation but also diversifies crop choices and significantly increases agricultural yields. In this comprehensive exploration of the impact of irrigation in Mali, we delve into the multifaceted dimensions of this transformative endeavour. From the socio-economic implications for rural communities to the environmental considerations and the broader implications for food security, the influence of irrigation is profound. It has the potential to alleviate poverty, empower women, bolster resilience to climate change, and position Mali as a regional breadbasket. This study embarks on a journey through the verdant fields and arid landscapes of Mali, seeking to understand how the introduction of irrigation is changing lives, livelihoods, and the nation's agricultural trajectory. By examining the various aspects of this evolving story, we can grasp the significance of irrigation as a catalyst for a more sustainable, prosperous, and food-secure Mali.
irrigation, impact, importance, Mali, climate changes, environment