Laura ŞMULEAC 1, Hortensia RĂDULESCU 1, A. ŞMULEAC 1, R. PAȘCALĂU1, Alina LAȚO1, M. BAKLI2 1 University of Life Sciences "King Mihai I" from Timisoara, Romania 2 University of Ghardaia, Algeria adriansmuleac.as@gmail.com
Efficient management of water resources aims to improve water quality and balance. This desideratum can be achieved by: equipping pollution sources with treatment plants and ensuring their operation, restoring degraded water courses to the economic circuit and their proper exploitation, applying the legislation in force on water quality protection, optimizing the location of polluting objectives in relation to the capacity of rivers to receive wastewater, creating protection zones especially in mountain areas and on upper water courses. Unfortunately, water sources are increasingly subject to pollution and treatment costs are increasing. To this, there was also added the global trend of reducing water resources, a phenomenon exacerbated by the prolonged drought of recent years. Moreover, these resources are subject to wide variations in time and space, making the management of these water resources increasingly difficult to manage. The present paper aims to study the degree of pollution of the Bega River, one of the most important watercourses of Banat, to highlight the sources of pollution that degrade the quality of this river and the consequences of degradation, and based on the resulting conclusions to outline the opportunities that lead to avoiding pollution and maintaining the natural balance characteristic of the aquatic environment. On the Bega River, 2 natural surface water bodies, 1 heavily modified water body and 1 artificial water body were monitored (according to the Banat Water Basin Administration) and the water quality was in good status at all of them.
water balance, water quality, water body, volume discharged, volume captured
environmental engineering
Presentation: poster