PRACTICE OF ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY AGRICULTURE. CASE STUDY PUBLISHEDCasiana Drăgoi (MIHUȚ), L. GĂTĂIANȚU, Delia DRĂGOI, Anișoara DUMA COPCEA, D. POPA University of Life Sciences "King Mihai I" from Timișoara firstname.lastname@example.org
The paper presents a case study carried out on a farm in the town of Șag, Timiș county, where cereals (wheat, barley, corn), sunflower and alfalfa are cultivated. The total area of the farm is 149 ha, of which, as of 2018, 28 ha are cultivated in an ecological system, the study being carried out on 20 ha out of the 28, namely: 10 ha are cultivated with corn, 5 ha with sunflowers, 2 ha with wheat, 1 ha with barley and 2 ha with alfalfa. The objectives considered were: the description of the geographical, pedological and climatic conditions; identification and presentation of the main soil types; culture technology practiced; the range of crops and the areas occupied by the three basic crops. The soil is of cambic chernozem type. In this farming system, crop rotation is very important, this being one of the factors that determined an expansion of areas and crops. The introduction of legumes and the future use of green manures in addition to the practice of direct sowing are desired. In the fall of 2022, along with the sowing of wheat, red clover was sown in a mixture with wheat on an area of 3 ha, to be used as fertilizer. The purpose of the work is to obtain a fund of pedological and agrochemical information regarding the soil cover in the perimeter of the town of Șag, Timiș county, in order to make a correct and rational use of the edaphic resource in conjunction with a sustainable development of the entire agricultural activity in the studied area.
Sag, cambic chernozem, ecological system, environmentally friendly agriculture