Aurelia MIHUȚ, Julia NYTRAI, Casiana MIHUȚ, Anișoara DUMA COPCEA, A. OKROS University of Life Sciences "King Mihai I" from Timișoara casianamihut@usvt.ro
The paper refers to the soils in Giarmata, Timiș County, the occupied areas and the way of use, presenting the main limiting factors and the classification in quality and fertility classes of the main agricultural crops in the current context of climatic changes. The objectives referred to: description and presentation of the soil and climatic conditions of the area; presentation of the main soil types in the Giamata area and description of those taken in the study; listing the main classes of quality, respectively fertility; determination of limiting factors and description of the processes taking place; description of soil types on which the research has been carried out; classification of land in quality classes according to the credit marks obtained for the main agricultural crops (maize, wheat, barley and sunflower) during 2021-2022. The studied material refers to the identification, presentation and description of the main types of soils identified in this area, namely: preluvosols, alluvials, chernozems, vertosols, pelosols, gleysols and stagnosols. Giarmata commune is located in the central-northern part of Timis County, at a distance of 11 km from Timişoara and 1.3 km from Timişoara International Airport. The locality is situated at an altitude between 100 and 150 m, with a weak fragmentation and low relief energy, occupying a total area of 7150 ha, of which 6292 ha represents agricultural land and 43.5 ha forest. The studies were carried out on 158 ha, divided into 5 plots, with areas between 22 and 43 ha. The main crops were maize (83 ha), wheat (44 ha), sunflower (20 ha and barley (8 ha). The lowest average temperature was recorded in February, 2021, namely -2.0°C. The absolute minimum temperature during the same period was -27.2°C on 16 February 2021.
agricultural land, soil type, limiting factors, pedological processes
Presentation: poster