Laura ȘMULEAC, A. ȘMULEAC, F. IMBREA, R. PAȘCALĂU 1 University of Life Sciences ”King Mihai I” from Timișoara, Romania
The necessity of crop irrigation in Western Romania is intimately linked to the region's agricultural sustainability. Varying topography and soil characteristics across this area demand tailored irrigation approaches to meet the diverse needs of different crops. Efficient water distribution systems, coupled with soil moisture management techniques, play a pivotal role in optimizing irrigation effectiveness. The imperative for irrigation intensifies during periods of prolonged drought, where the reliability of rainfall becomes uncertain, affecting crop growth and yield potential. Moreover, acknowledging the necessity of crop irrigation in Western Romania prompts the exploration of water-saving methodologies, emphasizing the importance of conservation and recycling practices. In this article, the water deficit of the last 10 years was analysed in the conditions of Timisoara. It was observed that the plants' water needs are not covered by the rainfall. In these conditions, it is necessary to supplement the water through irrigation systems. Recognizing the necessity of irrigation for crops in Western Romania is not solely an agricultural concern but also a pivotal factor in ensuring regional food security and economic stability. As climate change impacts continue to pose challenges, investing in irrigation infrastructure and sustainable water management becomes indispensable for preserving agricultural livelihoods and securing food production in this vital region.
irrigation, water supply, the water requirement of the plants, agricultural production, food security
environmental engineering
Presentation: poster