Phelyster K. NAFULA1 , T. O. OPIYO2 , Elly NDIAO3, Janette CHIBURRE4, Lucretiu DANCEA 5 1Africa International University, Nairobi, Kenya 2Africa International University, Nairobi, Kenya 3Africa International University, Nairobi, Kenya 4Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique 5University of Life Sciences ”King Michael I of Romania” from Timișoara, Romania lucretiu_dancea@usvt.ro
Biodiversity generally entails the flora and fauna present in the natural world. It includes diverse forms of life that are present in each locality (plants, animals, fungi, microorganisms present in the ecosystem). The essence of biodiversity is that the species and microorganisms present in an ecosystem function together to support life and establish a balance. Biodiversity sustains life and allows human beings to access resources necessary for survival, resources such as shelter, clean water, food and so forth. In relation to agriculture, biodiversity entails various factors that support the agricultural system in terms of soil fertility, pollination, pest control and crop quality and yield. It also enhances and supports quality landscape. Nonetheless, the amplification of agricultural practices poses a threat to biodiversity in significant ways due to the intensive use of synthetic pesticides, mineral fertilizers including the division of farming lands, leading to the loss of biodiversity. The research is guided by the view that even though the growth in agricultural practices has enabled continuous feeding of the increasing world population, the growth is approached as one of the major factors that have led to the loss of biodiversity in Kenya. The study employed a desk review of scholarly articles published between 2019 and 2023 to analyze the connection between agricultural practices and biodiversity conservation in Kenya. As per the research findings, various factors that include poor land management practices, and unsustainable agricultural techniques threaten biodiversity conservation in Kenya. Nonetheless there are practical options that can be applied in Kenya’s agricultural practices that can both enhance biodiversity conservation as well as facilitate sufficient food production.
Climate Change, Pastoral Communities, Adaptation strategies, Mitigation strategies
environmental engineering
Presentation: poster