PESTICIDES AND FOOD PRODUCTION PUBLISHED

Bojana Bekić, M. Jeločnik, B. Katić
Providing enough amounts of food, for fast growing world population, is one of the largest problem of modern society. The data from Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO, 2006), are showing us minatory number of people on the planet today (approximately 7 billion). Due to intensive development of science and technology during the last decades, a large number of very effective and inexpensive pesticides were synthesized, which is with increase of arable land areas, influenced on  total agricultural production growth in the world. However, production of enough quantity of food (as well as food surplus, whose storage is very expensive) is a characteristic of developed countries, while so called third world countries still have hunger problems. The period of highly chemicalized intensive modern agriculture, in which pesticides are having main role, enabled triple of yield  per sowed hectare, and on the first sight gave positive solution of hunger problem. However, excessive and unreasonable use of pesticides and other chemical preparations  brought us to the extreme degradation of all environment’s elements (soil, water, air, flora and fauna). Destruction of natural resources with permanent pollution, in the end, lead to decrease of yield per hectare and production of food contaminated with pesticides and other materials dangerous for human health. The philosophy of unlimited growth and development must be changed with new philosophy of sustainable development, which considers development balanced with needing of nature protection. One of the solutions, can be agricultural orientation toward organic production, which exclude use of synthetic pesticides in agriculture. Organic agriculture, as an ideal harmony of environment and agriculture production, can actively help the process of sustainable management of natural resources. Healthy food, produced by methods of organic agriculture, in balance with biologic and ecologic regularity, enables the sustain of  human population viability. Therefore, the future of next generation and survive of human species largely depends on activities we take today.
organic agriculture; food production; environmental protection; sustainable development
Presentation: oral

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