COCOŞ VALLEY FLORA FROM SATU MARE COUNTY PUBLISHED

Helena Maria Sabo
This article aims to present the flora of Cocoş Valley from Poiana Codrului locality, Satu Mare County. Detailed studies on the flora of the Cocoş Valley area has not been written, but was made only sporadic research on the county territories. Researchers (from Cluj) who made studies mention I. Prodan, O. Ratiu, I. Resmeriţă, I. Gergely, which dealt with areas other than that taken in the study. Cocoş Valley , expands on an area of 25.2 hectares and is composed from forests and is located near to Poiana Codrului and Bârsău de Sus. The landscape of this area is quite settled, with only small portions of landslide that appears as a phenomenon with a negative impact on vegetation. In the studied area are favorable shade species, especially beech. In this paper, I made a inventory list and characterization study of the flora planning to highlight some species that deserves to be known, to show the richness of  plant species and their number, their care and the importance which have plants for the future of mankind. Analyzing the humidity, we find a predominance of mesophilic plants, moderate water - loving in amounts of percentage of 48.2% and analyzing the temperature index, we found a predominance of mesothermal plants in percentage of 62.5%. The chemical reaction of the soil index tell us that we have a predominance of weak acid neutrophil plants in percentage of 29.8%, followed by eurionice plants in percentage of 24.4%, the acid plants at the rate 21.4%, the acidophilous plants are in small percentage. This study shows that the medicinal plants in a percentage of 28.3% are the most numerous plants in this area, this were used in ancient times to the prevention and treatment of disease. The paper addresses economic aspects of exploitation of wild flora, giving indications for use of this wealth as well by the locals.
valley, flora, protection, education, awareness,
Presentation: oral

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